Ankylosaurus

Armored Tank of Dinos

Ankylosaurus was first discovered by paleontologist Barnum Brown, in the early 1900s. Since the discoverer gets to name the discovery Brown gave the name. As with most dinosaurs, its name comes from the Greek ‘ankulos,’ meaning stiff or fused, and ‘sauros,’ meaning lizard. Brown found that the bones in the skull and other parts of the body were fused, increasing their strength, thus naming the specimen ’fused lizard.’

Ankylosaurus were about 20-30 feet long and weighed up to 8 tons. These dinosaurs were not very tall, compared to, say T-Rex. It walked on four short legs and had wide, stalky body.

They lived at the end of the Cretaceous Period, around 66 million years ago, and were one of the last dinosaurs to roam the earth.


The Ankylosaurus Timeline

Mesozoic
Triassic
Jurassic
Cretaceous
ok


Ankylosaurus Armor

Ankylosaurus had boney plates on their back. These plates were embedded into the skin which helped protect the them against attackers. Sound familiar? Stegosaurus also had similar plates, called osteoderms, too. Osteoderms are actually skin that has hardened, and mostly used to as protection. When compared to stegosaurus,  Their plates were much smaller in diameter and stood about half as tall. Imagine a thimble versus a dinner plate. They also laid flat against their back, while stegosaurus plates stood upright on end.

Their plates of armor weren't the only thing that these dinos had in common. These two dinosaurs belonged to a group called thyreophora. Thyreophora  is a group of dinosaurs that were bird-hipped, living from the early Jurassic until the end of the Cretaceous. Both were plant-eaters too. So many things in common, its a shame they lived 100 million years apart. 


Dino Fact File
Name
Ankylosaurus
Classification
Thyreophora
Food
Herbivore
Length
20-30 feet
height
5.6 feet
weight
8 tons
Range
Western North America
Time Period
Late Cretaceous Period




Ankylosaurus also had a huge club on the end of its tail. This was also very handy in combat, and to protect against enemies. It was composed of two large osteoderms, with a row of small osteoderms at the midline, and two small osteoderms at the tip. Basically, like having a very big built in hammer on the end of your body. 

Ankylosaurus Fossil Locations